Goldenarticles articles

The argument about cloning - art


There are two types of cloning. One involves harvesting stem cells from embryos ("therapeutic cloning"). These are the biological corresponding of a template. They can arise into any kind of mature functional cell and thus help cure many degenerative and auto-immune diseases.

The other kind of cloning is much derided in common cultivation - and away - as the omen of a Brave, New World. A basis from any cell of a donor is embedded in an egg whose own core has been removed. The egg is then rooted in a woman's womb and a cloned baby is born nine months later. Biologically, the cloned infant is a duplication of the donor.

Cloning is often bewildered with other advances in bio-medicine and bio-engineering - such as genetic selection. It cannot - in itself - be used to bring into being "perfect humans" or choose sex or other traits. Hence, some of the influence anti cloning are also deceptive or fuelled by ignorance.

It is true, though, that cloning, used in conjunction with other bio-technologies, raises considerable bio-ethical questions. Scare scenarios of humans civilized in sinister labs as sources of spare body parts, "designer babies", "master races", or "genetic sex slaves" - formerly the conserve of B sci-fi movies - have invaded mainstream discourse.

Still, cloning touches upon Mankind's most basic fears and hopes. It invokes the most difficult ethical and moral dilemmas. As an inevitable result, the consideration is often more passionate than informed.

I. Right to Life Arguments

According to cloning's detractors, the core detached from the egg could if not have urban into a human being. Thus, removing the core amounts to murder.

It is a deep-seated attitude of most moral theories that all human beings have a right to life. The being of a right implies obligations or duties of third parties towards the right-holder. One has a right Anti other people. The fact that one possesses a a variety of right - prescribes to others a few obligatory behaviours and proscribes a selection of acts or omissions. This Janus-like characteristics of civil liberties and duties as two sides of the same ethical coin - creates great confusion. Associates often and certainly blur human rights and their attendant duties or obligations with the morally decent, or even with the morally permissible. What one MUST do as a consequence of another's right - must never be befuddled with one Ought to or OUGHT to do morally (in the nonappearance of a right).

The right to life has eight conspicuous strains:

IA. The right to be brought to life

IB. The right to be born

IC. The right to have one's life maintained

ID. The right not to be killed

IE. The right to have one's life saved

IF. The right to save one's life (erroneously incomplete to the right to self-defence)

IG. The right to terminate one's life

IH. The right to have one's life terminated

IA. The Right to be Brought to Life

Only breathing citizens have rights. There is a consideration whether an egg is a alive character - but there can be no doubt that it exists. Its human rights - anything they are - come from the fact that it exists and that it has the aptitude to arise life. The right to be brought to life (the right to develop into or to be) pertains to a yet non-alive being and, therefore, is null and void. Had this right existed, it would have obscure an obligation or duty to give life to the unborn and the not yet conceived. No such duty or obligation exist.

IB. The Right to be Born

The right to be born crystallizes at the jiffy of voluntary and intentional fertilization. If a scientist deliberately and intentionally causes in vitro fertilization for the exact and articulate drive of creating an kernel - then the resultant fertilized egg has a right to mature and be born. Furthermore, the born child has all the civil liberties a child has anti his parents: food, shelter, emotional nourishment, education, and so on.

It is debatable whether such human rights of the fetus and, later, of the child, exist if there was no affirmative act of fertilization - but, on the contrary, an act which prevents doable fertilization, such as the deduction of the center (see IC below).

IC. The Right to Have One's Life Maintained

Does one have the right to argue one's life and prolong them at other people's expense? Does one have the right to use other people's bodies, their property, their time, their assets and to deprive them of pleasure, comfort, cloth possessions, income, or any other thing?

The come back with is yes and no.

No one has a right to sustain his or her life, maintain, or prolong them at a further INDIVIDUAL's cost (no be important how least and insignificant the sacrifice compulsory is). Still, if a agreement has been signed - implicitly or explicitly - amid the parties, then such a right may resolve itself in the become infected with and construct corresponding duties and obligations, moral, as well as legal.


No fetus has a right to sustain its life, maintain, or prolong them at his mother's cost (no affair how minimum and insignificant the sacrifice necessary of her is). Still, if she signed a agreement with the fetus - by deliberately and willingly and intentionally conceiving it - such a right has crystallized and has produced corresponding duties and obligations of the look after towards her fetus.

On the other hand, each one has a right to sustain his or her life, maintain, or prolong them at SOCIETY's cost (no be relevant how major and big the assets compulsory are). Still, if a agreement has been signed - implicitly or explicitly - among the parties, then the abrogation of such a right may fall into place in the become infected with and conceive corresponding duties and obligations, moral, as well as legal.


Everyone has a right to sustain his or her life, maintain, or prolong them at society's expense. Community hospitals, state hostel schemes, and law army may be mandatory to carry out society's obligations - but complete them it must, no be important how major and considerable the capital are. Still, if a character volunteered to join the army and a agreement has been signed concerning the parties, then this right has been thus abrogated and the characteristic tacit a variety of duties and obligations, plus the duty or obligation to give up his or her life to society.

ID. The Right not to be Killed

Every character has the right not to be killed unjustly. What constitutes "just killing" is a be important for an ethical calculus in the framework of a communal contract.

But does A's right not to be killed bring in the right adjacent to third parties that they refrain from enforcing the civil liberties of other associates anti A? Does A's right not to be killed disqualify the righting of wrongs committed by A adjacent to others - even if the righting of such wrongs means the assassination of A?

Not so. There is a moral obligation to right wrongs (to fix up the civil liberties of other people). If A maintains or prolongs his life ONLY by violating the civil liberties of others and these other colonize balk to it - then A must be killed if that is the only way to right the wrong and re-assert their rights.

This is extra true if A's continuation is, at best, debatable. An egg does not a human being make. Confiscation of the core is an critical step in life-saving research. An unfertilized egg has no civil rights at all.

IE. The Right to Have One's Life Saved

There is no such right as there is no corresponding moral obligation or duty to save a life. This "right" is a exhibition of the aforementioned muddle connecting the morally commendable, considered necessary and ample ("ought", "should") and the morally obligatory, the conclusion of other people's human rights ("must").

In some countries, the obligation to save life is with authorization codified. But while the law of the land may coin a LEGAL right and corresponding LEGAL obligations - it does not at all times or automatically conceive a moral or an ethical right and corresponding moral duties and obligations.

IF. The Right to Save One's Own Life

The right to self-defence is a compartment of the more all-purpose and all-pervasive right to save one's own life. One has the right to take a few measures or avoid charming a variety of events in order to save his or her own life.

It is in general acknowledged that one has the right to kill a accuser who consciously and intentionally intends to take one's life. It is debatable, though, whether one has the right to kill an childlike being who accidentally and by chance threatens to take one's life.

IG. The Right to Terminate One's Life

See "The Murder of Oneself".

IH. The Right to Have One's Life Terminated

The right to euthanasia, to have one's life terminated at will, is confidential by copious social, ethical, and legal rules, principles, and considerations. In a nutshell - in many countries in the West one is belief to has a right to have one's life terminated with the help of third parties if one is going to die abruptly at least and if one is going to be besieged and mortified by great and weakening agony for the rest of one's enduring life if not helped to die. Of course, for one's wish to be helped to die to be accommodated, one has to be in sound mind and to will one's death knowingly, intentionally, and forcefully.

II. Issues in the Calculus of Rights

IIA. The Hierarchy of Rights

All human cultures have hierarchies of rights. These hierarchies chew on cultural mores and lores and there cannot, therefore, be a universal, or eternal hierarchy.

In Western moral systems, the Right to Life supersedes all other constitutional rights (including the right to one's body, to comfort, to the evading of pain, to property, etc. ).

Yet, this hierarchical array does not help us to resolve cases in which there is a clash of EQUAL human rights (for instance, the conflicting human rights to life of two people). One way to choose among in the same way effective claims is aimlessly (by flipping a coin, or casting dice). Alternatively, we could add and take off civil liberties in a fairly deathly arithmetic. If a mother's life is in danger of extinction by the continuous being of a fetus and presumptuous both of them have a right to life we can come to a decision to kill the fetus by addition to the mother's right to life her right to her own body and thus outweighing the fetus' right to life.

IIB. The Discrepancy connecting Assassination and Charter Die

There is an tacit change among homicide (taking life) and let die (not reduction a life). This is supported by IE above. While there is a right not to be killed - there is no right to have one's own life saved. Thus, while there is an obligation not to kill - there is no obligation to save a life.

IIC. Assassination the Innocent

Often the chronic life of an childlike character (IP) threatens to take the life of a victim (V). By "innocent" we mean "not guilty" - not conscientious for homicide V, not intending to kill V, and not conscious that V will be killed due to IP's procedures or constant existence.

It is clean to come to a decision to kill IP to save V if IP is going to die at any rate shortly, and the enduring life of V, if saved, will be much longer than the lasting life of IP, if not killed. All other variants compel a calculus of hierarchically prejudiced rights. (See "Abortion and the Holiness of Human Life" by Baruch A. Brody).

One form of calculus is the functional theory. It calls for the maximization of effectiveness (life, happiness, pleasure). In other words, the life, happiness, or pleasure of the many outweigh the life, happiness, or pleasure of the few. It is morally permissible to kill IP if the lives of two or more citizens will be saved as a conclusion and there is no other way to save their lives. Although beefy philosophical objections to some of the premises of down-to-earth assumption - I agree with its applied prescriptions.

In this framework - the dilemma of assassination the chaste - one can also call upon the right to self defence. Does V have a right to kill IP at any rate of any moral calculus of rights? In all probability not. One is not often necessary in compelling another's life to save one's own. But such behaviour cannot be condemned. Here we have the flip side of the awkwardness - understandable and conceivably inevitable behaviour (self defence) is flawed for a MORAL RIGHT. That most V's would kill IP and that we would all commiserate with V and appreciate its behaviour does not mean that V had a RIGHT to kill IP. V may have had a right to kill IP - but this right is not automatic, nor is it all-encompassing.

But is the Egg - Alive?

This difficulty is NOT corresponding to the antediluvian fix of "when does life begin". Life crystallizes, at the earliest, when an egg and a sperm unite (i. e. , at the flash of fertilization). Life is not a capability - it is a course of action triggered by an event. An unfertilized egg is neither a course - nor an event. It does not even possess the ability to befit alive except and until it merges with a sperm. Ought to such amalgamation not occur - it will never acquire life.

The ability to be converted into X is not the ontological corresponding of essentially being X, nor does it spawn moral and ethical constitutional rights and obligations pertaining to X. The transition from capability to being is not trivial, nor is it automatic, or inevitable, or autonomous of context. Atoms of a range of basics have the budding to befit an egg (or, for that matter, a human being) - yet no one would claim that they ARE an egg (or a human being), or that they be supposed to be treated as one (i. e. , with the same human rights and obligations).

Moreover, it is the donor focus embedded in the egg that endows it with life - the life of the cloned baby. Yet, the center is customarily extracted from a muscle or the skin. Be supposed to we treat a muscle or a skin cell with the same awe the critics of cloning wish to concurrence an unfertilized egg?

Is This the Main Concern?

The main affair is that cloning - even the curative kind - will be the source of piles of embryos. Many of them - close to 95% with flow biotechnology - will die. Others can be clandestinely and illegally rooted in the wombs of "surrogate mothers".

It is blatantly immoral, goes the deterrent argument, to kill so many embryos. Cloning is such a novel performance that its sensation rate is still inappropriately low. There are complementary ways to garner stem cells - less costly in terms of human life. If we acknowledge that life begins at the minute of fertilization, this contention is valid. But it also implies that - once cloning becomes safer and scientists more adept - cloning itself ought to be permitted.

This is abomination to those who fear a slippery slope. They abhor the very notion of "unnatural" conception. To them, cloning is a egotistical act and an ignorant and precarious interference in nature's clever ways. They would ban procreative cloning, anyway of how safe it is. Healing cloning - with its mounds of discarded fetuses - will allow rogue scientists to cross the boundary connecting permissible (curative cloning) and criminal (baby cloning).

Why Be supposed to Baby Cloning be Illegal?

Cloning's opponents balk to procreative cloning since it can be abused to conceive babies, skew biological selection, unbalance nature, construct masters and slaves and so on. The "argument from abuse" has been raised with every controlled early payment - from in vitro fertilization to space travel.

Every equipment can be potentially abused. TV can be any a brilliant edifying tool - or an addictive and mind anesthetizing pastime. Nuclear fission is a administer that yields both nuclear weapons and atomic energy. To claim, as many do, that cloning touches upon the "heart" of our existence, the "kernel" of our being, the very "essence" of our characteristics - and thus threatens life itself - would be incorrect.

There is no "privileged" form of technological abuse and no hierarchy of potentially abusive technologies. Nuclear fission tackles accepted processes as basic as life. Nuclear weapons threaten life no less than cloning. The capability for abuse is not a adequate aim to arrest controlled examination and develop - although it is a compulsory condition.

Some fear that cloning will auxiliary the government's enmeshment in the healthcare approach and in logical research. Power corrupts and it is not ludicrous that governments will finally abuse and exploitation cloning and other biotechnologies. Nazi Germany had a state-sponsored and state-mandated eugenics course in the 1930's.

Yet, this is a further variant of the disagreement from abuse. That a equipment can be abused by governments does not imply that it must be avoided or linger undeveloped. This is since all technologies - not including a lone exclusion - can and are abused routinely - by governments and others. This is human nature.

Fukuyama raised the odds of a multi-tiered humanity in which "natural" and "genetically modified" associates enjoy assorted constitutional rights and privileges. But why is this inevitable? Certainly this can by a long way by tackled by proper, prophylactic, legislation?

All humans, apart from of their pre-natal history, must be treated equally. Are family at present conceived in vitro treated any in your own way to brood conceived in utero? They are not. There is no argue that cloned or genetically-modified family be supposed to be in the right place to conspicuous legal classes.

Unbalancing Nature

It is very anthropocentric to argue that the proliferation of genetically enhanced or genetically preferred offspring will by hook or by crook unbalance character and strike at the foundations of the hazardous equilibrium it maintains. After all, humans have been modifying, enhancing, and eliminating hundreds of thousands of species for well over 10,000 years now. Genetic modification and bio-engineering are as actual as agriculture. Human beings are a part of character and its manifestation. By definition, all they do is natural.

Why would the genetic alteration or enhancement of one more species - homo sapiens - be of any consequence? In what way are humans "more important" to nature, or "more crucial" to its apposite functioning? In our short chronicle on this planet, we have genetically custom-made and enhanced wheat and rice, dogs and cows, tulips and orchids, oranges and potatoes. Why would interfering with the genetic bequest of the human species be any different?

Effects on Society

Cloning - like the Internet, the television, the car, electricity, the telegraph, and the wheel ahead of it - is bound to have great collective consequences. It may care for "embryo industries". It may lead to the exploitation of women - any willingly ("egg prostitution") or against your will ("womb slavery"). Charles Krauthammer, a journalist and psychiatrist, quoted in "The Economist", says:

"(Cloning) means the routinisation, the commercialisation, the commodification of the human embryo. "

Exploiting anybody against your will is a crime, whether it involves cloning or white slavery. But why would egg donations and deputy motherliness be careful problems? If we acknowledge that life begins at the jiffy of fertilization and that a woman owns her body and all in it - why be supposed to she not be acceptable to sell her eggs or to host another's baby and how would these voluntary acts be morally repugnant? In any case, human eggs are before now being bought and sold and the bring far exceeds the demand.

Moreover, full-fledged humans are routinely "routinised, commercialized, and commodified" by governments, corporations, religions, and other community institutions. Bear in mind war, for command - or advertisement advertising. How is the "routinisation, commercialization, and commodification" of embryos more blameworthy that the "routinisation, commercialization, and commodification" of fully created human beings?

Curing and Discount Life

Cell therapy based on stem cells often leads to bandanna rejection and necessitates costly and potentially precarious immunosuppressive therapy. But when the stem cells are harvested from the enduring himself and cloned, these troubles are averted. Healing cloning has vast untouched - even if at this stage still apart - budding to advance the lives of hundreds of millions.

As far as "designer babies" go, pre-natal cloning and genetic production can be used to foil disease or cure it, to suppress superfluous traits, and to enhance much loved ones. It is the moral right of a blood relation to make sure that his young suffers less, enjoys life more, and attains the maximal level of welfare all over his or her life.

That such technologies can be abused by over-zealous, or mentally unhealthy parents in collaboration with grasping or deceitful doctors - be supposed to not avert the vast best part of stable, caring, and sane parents from fast approach to them.

About The Author

Sam Vaknin is the creator of Malevolent Self Love - Egotism Revisited and After the Rain - How the West Lost the East. He is a correspondent for Focal Europe Review, PopMatters, and eBookWeb , a United Press Worldwide (UPI) Chief Affair Correspondent, and the editor of mental shape and Focal East Europe categories in The Open Encyclopedia Bellaonline, and Suite101 .

Until recently, he served as the Financially viable Advisor to the Authority of Macedonia.

Visit Sam's Web site at http://samvak. tripod. com; palma@unet. com. mk

America Leading the World in Science and Technology  The White House

As we mark fifty years since the Apollo 11 mission landed Americans on the Moon, capturing the imagination of the world, our Nation is again on the verge of a ...

Verge Science just won a Webby Award  The Verge

The jury is in, and we're pleased to announce that Verge Science has won a Webby Award and a People's Voice Award in the Science & Education (Channels ...

Scientists create international database of women scientists  Phys.Org

A database of women scientists that was created a year ago by a team led by a CU School of Medicine postdoctoral fellow has grown to list more than 7500 ...

First marsquake detected by NASA's InSight mission  Science Magazine

Mars is shaking. After several months of apprehensive waiting on a quiet surface, NASA's InSight lander has registered a sweet, small sound: the first marsquake ...

Former NASA astronaut Mark Kelly hopes to bring some science to the Senate  The Verge

In February, former NASA astronaut Mark Kelly announced his decision to run for the US Senate in Arizona — a move that he had been thinking about for the ...

University of Idaho to build new meat science center  Feedstuffs

The University of Idaho announced plans April 22 to build a new meat science and innovation center that will house Vandal Brand Meats on the Moscow, Ida., ...

Three in four female physics undergrads report sexual harassment  Science Magazine

Fully three in four U.S. undergraduate women majoring in physics reported being sexually harassed over a 2-year period ending in 2017, according to a new ...

'Audacious' science ideas win huge funding boosts after selection by TED group  Science Magazine

Protein design team and other science projects raise tens of millions of dollars from a network of donors.

Thousands expected for science festival | News  Bowling Green Daily News

Attendees at the fifth annual SKy Science Festival Expo Day can expect trash cans blowing 40 feet up in the air, molten aluminum being poured into ...

Medicaid expansion through Obamacare may be helping black infants  Science News

States that expanded Medicaid as part of the Affordable Care Act shrunk racial disparities between black and white infants, a new study shows.

Scientists develop low-cost energy-efficient materials  EurekAlert

An international team of scientists from the National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' (NUST MISIS), Tianjin University (China), as well as from ...

Deep inside Earth, scientists find weird blobs and mountains taller than Mount Everest  NBC News

Scientists say Earth's mantle is layered like an onion, and they are attempting to map the the blobs, plumes and metal ocean deep inside the planet.

What's the Controversy Over the Baby T. Rex Listed on eBay?  Live Science

The partial skeleton of a baby Tyrannosaurus rex is for sale on eBay for nearly $3 million. Paleontologists are furious about it.

Earth Science Is Ready for Preprints  Eos

The EarthArXiv preprint archive, in operation for almost a year and a half, makes the latest Earth science research available to a wider community.

Why Science and Politics Don't Mix  Psychology Today

The marketplace of ideas stumbles upon psychological bias, political interest, and sacred values.

Auroral 'speed bumps' are more complicated, scientists find  Science Daily

Researchers find that 'speed bumps' in space, which can slow down satellites orbiting closer to Earth, are more complex than originally thought.

Swastikas found at NC School of Science and Math

Durham, N.C. — Swastika graffiti was found last month in a residence hall at the North Carolina School of Science and Math in Durham, a spokesman confirmed ...

Art and science, not so dichotomous after all  CU Columbia Spectator

The 14th floor of Pupin Hall is a place not often visited by those who are not majoring in astronomy or astrophysics. Yet this past Friday, students and professors ...

There Are Toxic Fungi in Space and No One Knows If They're Dangerous  Live Science

Potentially dangerous fungi are living on space stations and spacecraft right now — but we have no idea if they're harmful for astronauts and scientists need to ...

Global warming may boost economic inequality  Science Magazine

Over the past half-century, climate change has been blamed for heat waves, flooding, and rising seas. Now, researchers say warmer temperatures are widening ...

Scientists explore the unknown behaviour of gold nanoparticles with neutrons

Nanoparticles of less than 100 nanometres in size are used to engineer new materials and nanotechnologies across a variety of sectors. Their small size means ...

Bill Nye The Science Guy coming to Science Museum Oklahoma  Tulsa World

A limited number of VIP tickets are available for $100 and include the reception, a signed copy of one of Nye's books and reserved seating for the screening.

Five science journalists receive the first India Science Media Fellowships  Research Matters

In a recent announcement, five journalists have been awarded the India Science Media Fellowships—a first of its kind fellowship in India that is designed to ...

Science history: the battle to end the Great Stink  Cosmos

Today we might regard a story about “The Great Stink” as possibly the title of a new Adam Sandler movie, but in fact it refers to a terrifying period in British history ...

White supremacy was at the core of 19th-century science. Why that matters today.  Washington Post

The need for American universities to atone for their racist histories.

Obscure sexually transmitted parasite tangles with immune system  Science News

Scientists are working out how Trichomonas vaginalis, one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections, causes problems in women and men.

Science news: Missing link super-predator ruled Earth for millions of years

A GIGANTIC prehistoric predator larger than a polar bear, which had a skull bigger than a rhinoceros and rows of terrifying teeth, has been identified by a team ...

Baby tyrannosaur's eBay auction sparks outrage  Science Magazine

It's astonishing what you can buy on eBay. An ongoing auction on the site offers buyers the chance to own what is claimed to be “maybe the only” juvenile ...

To amp up solar cells, scientists ditch silicon  Science Magazine

Silicon dominates the world of solar power. Even the newest solar cell designs, tandem devices that have a silicon solar cell below a cell made of a crystalline ...

Expanding opportunities to leverage science in the clinic  Penn: Office of University Communications

Patricia Corby, who recently joined the School of Dental Medicine as associate dean for translational research, is bringing her research to bear for cancer ...

Wary of Chinese Espionage, Houston Cancer Center Chose to Fire 3 Scientists  The New York Times

Two tenured scientists at a renowned cancer hospital in Houston have resigned, and the hospital is seeking to fire a third, in connection with an investigation into ...

Scientists Have Identified Almost 2 Million 'Hidden' Earthquakes Shaking California  ScienceAlert

California is notorious for its earthquakes, but a stunning new discovery reveals for the first time just how much we've underestimated its omnipresent ...

UAlbany receives $5 million science gift  Times Union

Albany. A retired University at Albany biology professor and his wife are giving $5 million to create an endowment for a high school science program as well as ...

Yakult stages science-themed AR experience  CampaignLive

Fermented milk-drink brand Yakult staged an augmented-reality "magic mirror" experience to raise awareness of its science-based product and promote the ...

Exclusive: Major U.S. cancer center ousts 'Asian' researchers after NIH flags their foreign ties  Science Magazine

HOUSTON, TEXAS—The MD Anderson Cancer Center here has ousted three senior researchers after the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, ...

The Science of Human Longevity is Going Mainstream  Futurism

Eternus is a revolutionary new supplement comprised of 38 separate ingredients designed to slow cell aging and boost cell energy.

'An Elegant Defense' explores the immune system's softer side  Science News

The lives of four people helped or harmed by their body's natural defenses illustrate why immunology has become one of the hottest fields in science.

USDA orders scientists to say published research is ‘preliminary’  Washington Post

Any scientist reading the disclaimer added to USDA research "would be very confused by this statement,” one journal editor said.

Greta Thunberg: Teen activist says UK is 'irresponsible' on climate  BBC News

Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg tells UK politicians a generation's future has been "stolen".

California scientists unravel genetic mysteries of world’s tallest trees  San Francisco Chronicle

Scientists have unlocked the genetic codes of California's most distinguished, longest-lasting residents — coast redwood and giant sequoia trees — in what is a ...

Ferris educator named state Science Teacher of the Year  The Spokesman-Review

Darci Hastings, a Ferris High School teacher for 20 years, has been named state Science Teacher of the Year.

Astronomers have spotted the universe's first molecule  Science Magazine

The universe's very first molecule, thought to be created after the big bang, has been detected in space for the first time. Helium hydride (HeH), a combination of ...

Cheap, portable scanners could transform brain imaging. But how will scientists deliver the data?  Science Magazine

Q&A with neuroethicist Francis Shen and MRI developer Michael Garwood.

Hayabusa2 arrives at the carbonaceous asteroid 162173 Ryugu—A spinning top–shaped rubble pile  Science Magazine

Asteroids fall to Earth in the form of meteorites, but these provide little information about their origins. The Japanese mission Hayabusa2 is designed to collect ...

Here's what scientists think a black hole looks like  Science Magazine

Astronomers may have imaged a black hole for the first time, capping decades of calculations of how they ought to appear.

Scientists create largest collection of coral reef maps ever made  Phys.Org

A study from scientists at the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation and the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ...

The geomorphology, color, and thermal properties of Ryugu: Implications for parent-body processes  Science Magazine

Asteroids fall to Earth in the form of meteorites, but these provide little information about their origins. The Japanese mission Hayabusa2 is designed to collect ...

Americans Are Smart About Science  FiveThirtyEight

Hey, didja hear about those scientifically illiterate Americans? People so dumb, they think the sun revolves around the Earth? People who can't pass a quiz of ...

Girls who spend more time in high school with ‘high-achieving’ boys are less likely to complete a bachelor’s degree  MarketWatch

'Being in a class with a lot of high-achieving male peers hurts women's long-run educational attainment.'

Spark + AI Summit 2019 Taps Kount's AI Science Team for Best Practices in Machine Learning and AI-Driven Results  Associated Press

Press release *content* from Business Wire. The AP news staff was not involved in its creation.

McKay would get more space for arts, science, career education under new design  Salem Reporter

Principal Rob Schoepper worked with staff and architects on a design to address needs at Salem-Keizer's most overcrowded high school, adding $6 million to a ...

This fungus has wiped out more species than any other disease  Science Magazine

The infectious disease that has devastated the most biodiversity is a fungal killer of amphibians, researchers report today in Science . Around the world, 90 ...

Why blend? Exploring the art and science of blending  BBC News

Humans are the blending species, says philosopher of the senses Barry Smith, but what makes some blends work when others don't?

The board games turning science into playtime  The Guardian

Science-themed board games are an increasingly popular way to learn about everything from atom building to colonising space.

KAIST unveils the hidden control architecture of brain networks  EurekAlert

A KAIST research team identified the intrinsic control architecture of brain networks. The control properties will contribute to providing a fundamental basis for the ...

Cytosine base editor generates substantial off-target single-nucleotide variants in mouse embryos  Science Magazine

Unintended genomic modifications limit the potential therapeutic use of gene-editing tools. Available methods to find off-targets generally do not work in vivo or ...

An interstellar meteor, Crusader DNA and water on the moon: This week in space and science  CNN

This week, scientists discovered the interstellar origins of a meteor that crashed into Earth in 2014, and DNA was extracted from the bones of 13th-century ...

New climate models predict a warming surge  Science Magazine

For nearly 40 years, the massive computer models used to simulate global climate have delivered a fairly consistent picture of how fast human carbon emissions ...

Arc-continent collisions in the tropics set Earth's climate state  Science Magazine

On million-year time scales, Earth's climate state is determined by sources and sinks of carbon to the ocean-atmosphere system. But which specific mechanisms ...

Scientists Discover Gigantic Prehistoric Cat in a Neglected Museum Drawer  Popular Mechanics

Larger than a tiger, lion, or polar bear with a skull comparable with a rhinoceros, this ancient predator cat, known as Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, wasn't ...

How to Cook With Weed—and a Dash of Tasty, Tasty Science  WIRED

Mac and cheese. Peanut butter and jelly. Asparagus and … cannabis oil with a citrusy terpene profile? Welcome to the heady world of cannabis cuisine.

A planetesimal orbiting within the debris disc around a white dwarf star  Science Magazine

Numerous exoplanets have been detected around Sun-like stars. These stars end their lives as white dwarfs, which should inherit any surviving planetary ...

Concerns of young protesters are justified  Science Magazine

The world's youth have begun to persistently demonstrate for the protection of the climate and other foundations of human well-being. (1, 2). As scientists and ...

The NASA Twins Study: A multidimensional analysis of a year-long human spaceflight  Science Magazine

Space is the final frontier for understanding how extreme environments affect human physiology. Following twin astronauts, one of which spent a year-long ...

Scientists decry USDA's decision to end cat parasite research  Science Magazine

For the past 37 years, a small research lab in Beltsville, Maryland, has been the world's leading hub for scientists working on Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that ...

Scientists Uncover California's Hidden Earthquakes  Scientific American

Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the ...

The Moon's Surface Is Totally Cracked  Live Science

Is the moon all it's cracked up to be? Yes — and then some. New analysis of the lunar surface reveals that it's far more fractured than once thought. Since the ...

Tweeting while flying kills migratory birds  Science Magazine

Texting while driving can be deadly. So can tweeting while flying, a new study finds—among some species of migratory birds. Researchers have found that birds ...

Amphibian fungal panzootic causes catastrophic and ongoing loss of biodiversity  Science Magazine

Rapid spread of disease is a hazard in our interconnected world. The chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was identified in amphibian populations ...

New Twitter account outs shoddy reporting in science stories  Quartz

In this era of fake news, it's not unusual for social media users—including the US president—to accuse journalists of doing bad work. Sadly, when it comes to ...

‘Partly Alive’: Scientists Revive Cells in Brains From Dead Pigs  The New York Times

In a study that upends assumptions about brain death, researchers brought some cells back to life — or something like it.

A Global Deal For Nature: Guiding principles, milestones, and targets  Science Advances

The Global Deal for Nature (GDN) is a time-bound, science-driven plan to save the diversity and abundance of life on Earth. Pairing the GDN and the Paris ...

Human impact erodes chimpanzee behavioral diversity  Science Magazine

We often frame negative human impacts on animal species in terms of numbers of individuals reduced or numbers of regions from which species are absent.

Steven Holl Designs DNA-Inspired Science Headquarters in Shenzhen  ArchDaily

Steven Holl Architects has won a competition for the design of the headquarters for iCarbonX, a genome machine intelligence company in Shenzhen.

Powerful CRISPR cousin accidentally mutates RNA while editing DNA target  Science Magazine

When researchers first reported 3 years ago that they had created base editors, a version of the powerful genome-editing tool CRISPR, excitement swirled ...

At Last, Scientists Have Found The Galaxy's Missing Exoplanets: Cold Gas Giants  Forbes

In the early 1990s, scientists began detecting the first planets orbiting stars other than the Sun: exoplanets. The easiest ones to see had the largest masses and ...

The moon is losing 200 tons of water a year to meteorite strikes  Science Magazine

When meteorites slam into the moon, they undoubtedly kick up a little dust. Now, a new study suggests they also shake loose quite a bit of water—something on ...

Meet the scientist painter who turns deadly viruses into beautiful works of art  Science Magazine

HIV, Ebola, and Zika are ugly, nasty viruses. David Goodsell makes them look beautiful, even alluring. And the unusual precision of his depictions is driven by ...

These Scientists Are Radically Changing How They Live To Cope With Climate Change  BuzzFeed News

When the US government is doing nothing to stop climate change, do your personal choices even matter? Here's how climate scientists are — and aren't ...

NIH, FBI accuse scientists in US of sending IP to China, running shadow labs  Ars Technica

MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas has forced out three senior researchers with ties to China. The move comes amid nationwide investigations by ...

Can science survive without statistical significance?  Science News

In science, the success of an experiment is often determined by a measure called “statistical significance.” A result is considered to be “significant” if the ...

M87 black hole picture weighs in on black hole mass estimates  Science News

The first image of M87's black hole suggests it is 6.5 billion times the mass of the sun — close to what was expected based on how stars move around it.

National Academy of Sciences will vote on ejecting sexual harassers  Science Magazine

The U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington, D.C., will ask its members this month to change the organization's bylaws to allow proven sexual ...

Earth Day Doodle Celebrates Extreme Animal Life  Live Science

A new Google Doodle celebrates Earth Day with an animation featuring some of Earth's most amazing animals.

Urine salts elucidate Early Neolithic animal management at Aşıklı Höyük, Turkey  Science Advances

The process of sheep and goat (caprine) domestication began by 9000 to 8000 BCE in Southwest Asia. The early Neolithic site at Aşıklı Höyük in central Turkey ...

How US–China political tensions are affecting science

Conference travel, research visas, science funding and security clearance are all touched by the geopolitics.

Karmenu Vella: 'Facts and science still carry the day' for clean air champions  EURACTIV

Thousands of protesters across Europe have taken to the streets over the last few years to demand cleaner air. The European Commission's environment chief, ...

Sustained rescue of prefrontal circuit dysfunction by antidepressant-induced spine formation  Science Magazine

A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the action of antidepressants is urgently needed. Moda-Sava et al. explored a possible mode of action for ...

Persistence of intense, climate-driven runoff late in Mars history  Science Advances

Mars is dry today, but numerous precipitation-fed paleo-rivers are found across the planet's surface. These rivers' existence is a challenge to models of planetary ...

Ancient 'Snowball Earth' thawed out in a flash  Science Magazine

More than half a billion years ago, our planet was a giant snowball hurtling through space. Glaciers blanketed the globe all the way to the equator in one of the ...

Is Dentistry a Science?  The Atlantic

It's much less scientific—and more prone to gratuitous procedures—than you may think.

The science of indelible ink  Livemint

The purple-coloured ink is applied on the left-hand index finger of the voter in a polling booth.Mysore Paints also exports indelible ink to more than 30 countries ...

Archaeologists unearth largest Mayan figurine factory to date  Science Magazine

ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO—Archaeologists working in Guatemala have discovered the largest known figurine workshop in the Mayan world, they ...

Scientists create first billion-atom biomolecular simulation

Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory have created the largest simulation to date of an entire gene of DNA, a feat that required one billion atoms to ...

Around the Air Force: Science & Technology / Space Symposium / F-35A D  Minuteman

On this look Around the Air Force, Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson announces a new science and technology strategy, Air Force Chief of Staff, Gen ...

Don't abandon evidence and process on air pollution policy  Science Advances

Air pollution kills—scientists have known this for many years. But how do they know? The global scientific community has developed and agreed upon a ...

Grass isn't always greener—here's what to plant instead  Popular Science

White picket fences went out of style long ago, but for some reason the American lawn just won't die. That's unfortunate: Lawnmowers account for 5 percent of ...

EPA panel seeks to bring back fired scientists for clean-air review  Science Magazine

Originally published by E&E News. A fractured EPA advisory panel is asking for help as its ability to handle a high-stakes review of particulate matter standards ...

The Lost History of One of the World’s Strangest Science Experiments  The New York Times

The hummingbirds were dying. Cockroaches were everywhere. And then Steve Bannon showed up.

Confirmed: New phase of matter is solid and liquid at same time  National Geographic

Solid, liquid, gas … and something else? While most of us learn about just three states of matter in elementary school, physicists have discovered several exotic ...

Developed by:
home | site map © 2019