Science photos of the year Science Magazine
Our Science Visuals team reviewed the most striking photographs we published this year. Here are the ones that moved us the most: Previous. Iguazu Falls.
The science of “vibes” shows how everything is connected Quartz
Scientists are finding that vibrations seem to play a critical role in human consciousness, and indeed in the existence of all things.
Why Scientists Are Talking About Attribution Science And What It Is NPR
As negotiators struggle to hammer out the rule book for a global climate agreement, scientists meeting in Washington, D.C., have yet more evidence linking ...
Study: 50% of people pursuing science careers in academia will drop out after 5 years Big Think
A new study reveals that half of people pursuing careers in academic science will drop out of their field after just five years.The analysis, published in the journal ...
Cold War propaganda spread the myth that science isn’t political The Verge
Science historian Audra Wolfe's new book, Freedom's Laboratory, explores the science of the Cold War beyond its more tangible role in developing weapons.
New study says scientists are leaving academic work at unprecedented rates Inside Higher Ed
The “half-life” of academic scientists has shortened dramatically over time, says a new paper calling attention to the “rise of the temporary workforce.” Following ...
Problems at the poles: Scientists wary of warmth | Science | Journal Gazette - Fort Wayne Journal Gazette
Problems at the poles: Scientists wary of warmth | Science | Journal Gazette Fort Wayne Journal Gazette
WASHINGTON – Scientists are seeing surprising melting in Earth's polar regions at times they don't expect, like winter, and in places they don't ...
Identity of Little Foot fossil stirs controversy Science Magazine
New papers say the skeleton is part of a contested hominin species—claims other researchers dispute.
Watch Scientists Brew And Then Blow Up Lava In The Name Of Science IFLScience
Forget noxious gas and spouting molten rock, volcanoes have another deadly weapon and scientists at the University of Boulder are aiming to measure just ho.
52 million tree stories more accessible to science: Improved international tree ring databank helps ecologists watch climate change over time - Science Daily
52 million tree stories more accessible to science: Improved international tree ring databank helps ecologists watch climate change over time Science Daily
The world's primary archive of tree ring data, which holds more than 52 million cost-free records spanning 8000 years of history, has gotten a makeover by ...
Artificial intelligence helps predict volcanic eruptions Science Magazine
Satellites are providing torrents of data about the world's active volcanoes, but researchers have struggled to turn them into a global prediction of volcanic risks.
This 8000-year-old 'gum' holds surprises about ancient toolmakers Science Magazine
Gum won't really sit in your stomach for years, but it can preserve human DNA for millennia. Researchers have uncovered genetic material encased within ...
How deaf researchers are reinventing science communication The Verge
Science is a language unto itself, and scientists rely on precise, standard terminology for common ground in their work. But for deaf researchers and students, ...
James Bond has a 'severe chronic alcohol problem,' science says CNET
An analysis of all 007's films finds Bond should seek help. And not from Q, but another kind of professional.
Scientists uncover massive, diverse ecosystem deep beneath Earth's surface Science Magazine
To survive in the hostile underworld deep beneath Earth's surface, organisms must be hardy enough to take on extreme pressure, blistering heat, a complete ...
Just thinking you have poor endurance genes changes your body Science Magazine
If you want to win a race or stick to a difficult diet, coaches of all kinds will tell you it's all about “mind over matter.” But that advice rarely crosses over into the ...
At arm's length Science Magazine
A few years ago, scientists funded by the Wellcome Trust, one of the world's wealthiest private philanthropies, published sobering findings about the deadly ...
Scientists identify vast underground ecosystem containing billions of micro-organisms - The Guardian
Scientists identify vast underground ecosystem containing billions of micro-organisms The Guardian
Global team of scientists find ecosystem below earth that is twice the size of world's oceans.
Nobel Prize winner Strickland touts science for the sake of science KitchenerToday.com
The University of Waterloo professor has watched enrolment in her courses double since she became the third woman ever to win a Nobel Prize in physics.
Half of academic scientists leave the field within 5 years, according to a new study - The Washington Post
Half of academic scientists leave the field within 5 years, according to a new study The Washington Post
It's a dramatic shift from 40 years ago, and has serious implications for the way scientific knowledge is produced.
How the science community reacted to Steph Curry's moon-landing conspiracy For The Win
Steph Curry (along with Kent Bazemore, Andre Iguodala and Vince Carter) admitted in a recent podcast that he believed the moon landing was fake. Just when ...
UN science panel chief calls for more action to curb warming Fox News
The head of the U.N.'s top science panel on climate change said Tuesday the world needs to "do more and faster" to prevent global warming on a scale that ...
EPA science adviser allowed industry group to edit journal article Science Magazine
Risk analyst Tony Cox invited oil industry funder to review his work.
New House Science Committee Chair to Climate Scientists: We've Got Your Back Again Gizmodo
Change is in the air over at the House Committee on Space, Science, and Technology. An oozing sump of climate change skepticism under the leadership of ...
The Science of Growing a Perfect Christmas Tree WIRED
Is your tree robust to cold? Do its needles cling to their branches? Christmas tree scientists ask these questions so we don't have to.
We Have Ways To Stop Rogue Scientists. They Don’t Always Work. FiveThirtyEight
How do you stop a mad scientist? We've been doing it in fiction for centuries. Doctor Faustus was carried off to hell. Pneumonia and an Arctic ice flow ended Vi…
Trump administration has quietly barred NIH scientists from acquiring fetal tissue - Science Magazine
Trump administration has quietly barred NIH scientists from acquiring fetal tissue Science Magazine
U.S. President Donald Trump's administration has ordered scientists employed by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) to stop acquiring new human fetal ...
‘Creative’ AlphaZero leads way for chess computers and, maybe, science The Guardian
The former chess world champion Garry Kasparov said he likes what he sees of the AlphaZero computer that could be used to find cures for diseases.
Dog research at U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs gets formal review Science Magazine
Dog research at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is going under the microscope. Yesterday, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and ...
What science says about having babies in space National Geographic
Fast-forward to several decades or a half-century from now, and it's not inconceivable that humans could be living on Mars—building habitats, trundling around ...
Trump releases plan to reduce protections for wetlands Science Magazine
Clean Water Act would no longer apply to ephemeral streams and wetlands.
These are our favorite science books of 2018 Science News
From tales about whales to enthralling scientific histories and the memoir of a frustrated astrophysicist, 2018 was a banner year for science books. Here are ...
A general reinforcement learning algorithm that masters chess, shogi, and Go through self-play - Science Magazine
A general reinforcement learning algorithm that masters chess, shogi, and Go through self-play Science Magazine
Computers can beat humans at increasingly complex games, including chess and Go. However, these programs are typically constructed for a particular game, ...
Super Awesome Science Show: Credence in Climate Change Global News
Climate change is real and is becoming more accepted by the day. But are we contributing to the problem or just innocent bystanders?
'If the science is correct, we aren't going to have a livable planet' KVAL
EUGENE, Ore. - Demonstrators asked Eugene city leaders to do more to protect the environment. The group, 350 Eugene, says that Eugene isn't doing enough ...
Temperature-dependent hypoxia explains biogeography and severity of end-Permian marine mass extinction - Science Magazine
Temperature-dependent hypoxia explains biogeography and severity of end-Permian marine mass extinction Science Magazine
Though our current extinction crisis is substantial, it pales in comparison to the largest extinction in Earth's history, which occurred at the end of the Permian ...
Scientists brew lava and blow it up to better understand volcanoes Science Daily
What happens when lava and water meet? Explosive experiments with humanmade lava are helping to answer this important question. This long-term, ongoing ...
Gene-edited babies: why are scientists so appalled? – Science Weekly podcast The Guardian
Last week Dr He Jiankui announced he had created the world's first gene-edited babies. Hannah Devlin delves into why He's research has caused uproar ...
Semiconducting polymer blends that exhibit stable charge transport at high temperatures - Science Magazine
Semiconducting polymer blends that exhibit stable charge transport at high temperatures Science Magazine
Charge carriers move through semiconductor polymers by hopping transport. In principle, these polymers should be more conductive at higher temperatures.
The scientists who feed us Nature.com
Scientists in the food industry find diverse roles from mediating public-health scares to perfecting meatless burgers.
A mechanistic classification of clinical phenotypes in neuroblastoma Science Magazine
Neuroblastomas—the most common tumor type in infants—develop from fetal nerve cells, and their clinical course is highly variable. Some neuroblastomas are ...
A gamma-ray determination of the Universe's star formation history Science Magazine
How many stars have formed in the Universe, and when did they do so? These fundamental questions are difficult to answer because there are systematic ...
Direct reprogramming of fibroblasts into antigen-presenting dendritic cells Science
In vitro systems that culture immune cells have contributed greatly in shaping our understanding of immune cell functions and in the development of ...
Voyager 2 spacecraft enters interstellar space Science News
Voyager 2 has entered interstellar space. The spacecraft slipped out of the huge bubble of particles that encircles the solar system on November 5, becoming ...
The Best Science Books Of 2018 Science Friday
Here at Science Friday, our jobs involve reading a lot of science books every year. We have piles and piles of them at the office. Hundreds of titles about biology ...
Crispr Scandal: How Do You Publish a Scientific Villain's Data? WIRED
The scientific community is at a loss over how, and whether, to publish the controversial gene-editing work of He Jiankui.
A devastating report details a 'monumental' assault on science at the Department of the Interior - Los Angeles Times
A devastating report details a 'monumental' assault on science at the Department of the Interior Los Angeles Times
The Union of Concerned Scientists shows how the Interior Department has been transformed under Trump from a steward of public resources into a front for ...
Prolonged milk provisioning in a jumping spider Science Magazine
Mammals produce milk to feed their offspring, and maternal care often continues well after the young can forage for themselves. Though other cases of milk-like ...
Google's DeepMind aces protein folding Science Magazine
Turns out mastering chess and Go was just for starters. On 2 December, the Google-owned artificial intelligence firm DeepMind took top honors in the 13th ...
Break Science Announces 5-Night Colorado Run Live for Live Music
Livetronica duo Break Science has announced an upcoming five-night Colorado run, beginning on January 31st through February 13th.
Uncertainty boosts Brexit jitters for U.K. scientists Science Magazine
U.K. scientists dreading the country's impending departure from the European Union, known as Brexit, now face possible outcomes ranging from undesirable to ...
On Gender, the Science Is Deafening Daily Signal
There is absolutely no rigorous science that has found a trait called 'gender identity' in the brain, body, or DNA," Dr. Michelle Cretella says.
Building two-dimensional materials one row at a time: Avoiding the nucleation barrier - Science Magazine
Building two-dimensional materials one row at a time: Avoiding the nucleation barrier Science Magazine
Classical nucleation theory predicts that two-dimensional islands on a surface must reach a critical size before they continue to grow; below that size, they ...
How scientists are studying dreams in the lab The Verge
Journalist Alice Robb is the author of Why We Dream: The Transformative Power of Our Nightly Journey. The Verge spoke with Robb about theories of dreams, ...
Report that NIH will cancel fetal tissue research contract fuels controversy Science Magazine
*Update, 6 December, 11:45 a.m.: Responding to a Freedom of Information Act request from ScienceInsider, NIH has released its 3 December letter to UCSF ...
Australia's new national space agency to be based in Adelaide The Guardian
Agency aims to boost commercial ties with the global aerospace industry.
Arts Meets Science and Chemistry Wins the Day The New York Times
Paul Romer had a doubly big day: he was married to Caroline Weber in the morning and then accepted a Nobel Prize in the evening.
'Surprise' Palu tsunami clue found on seafloor BBC News
Scientists are getting closer to understanding the tsunami that struck Palu in Indonesia in September. Damaging waves rushed ashore after a Magnitude 7.8 ...
Looming Parliament vote boosts Brexit jitters for U.K. scientists Science Magazine
U.K. scientists dreading the country's impending departure from the European Union, known as Brexit, now face possible outcomes ranging from undesirable to ...
Here's what was surprising about Kilauea's 3-month-long eruption Science News
Researchers revealed new insight into the Hawaiian volcano's most recent eruption.
Actions against diabetes must be based on science The Straits Times
If we want to succeed in the diabetes fight, the tough actions considered need to be based on science. Better understanding and education help to galvanise us ...
These Sheets Use Science to Fix the Grossest Part of Laying in Bed Inverse
Your bed might be your favorite place to spend time but it is also one of the dirtiest. Most people don't wash their sheets without enough frequency to keep their ...
Why 536 was 'the worst year to be alive' Science Magazine
Ask medieval historian Michael McCormick what year was the worst to be alive, and he's got an answer: "536." Not 1349, when the Black Death wiped out half of ...
CRISPR bombshell: Chinese researcher claims to have created gene-edited twins Science Magazine
HONG KONG, CHINA—On the eve of an international summit here on genome editing, a Chinese researcher has shocked many by claiming to have altered the ...
The earliest human occupation of the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau 40 thousand to 30 thousand years ago - Science Magazine
The earliest human occupation of the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau 40 thousand to 30 thousand years ago Science Magazine
Human colonization of the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau has generally been thought to have been confined to the past few thousand years of the Holocene.
Spider moms spotted nursing their offspring with milk Science Magazine
On a summer night in 2017, Chen Zhanqi made a curious find in his lab in China's Yunnan province. In an artificial nest, he spotted a juvenile jumping spider ...
China sets out for the far side of the moon Science Magazine
SHANGHAI, CHINA—China's ambitious program of lunar exploration is about to attempt a spacefaring first: On 8 December it will launch a probe intended to ...
The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History Hosting "Science is Everywhere" Winter Day Camps - KRQE News 13
The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History Hosting "Science is Everywhere" Winter Day Camps KRQE News 13
The National Museum of Nuclear Science & History will host "Science is Everywhere" Winter Day Camp 2018 for children who Pre-K through 7th grade.
Social network plasticity decreases disease transmission in a eusocial insect Science Magazine
When we get a cold and then stay home from work, we are not only taking care of ourselves but also protecting others. Such changes in behavior after infection ...
Strongest evidence of early humans butchering animals discovered in North Africa Science Magazine
Discovery suggests some of the world's first stone tools spread across Africa much earlier than expected.
MIT Scientists Just Used a Biological Virus to Make Faster Computers ScienceAlert
When your computer stores data, it has to pause while the information moves from one piece of hardware to another.
East Antarctica's glaciers are stirring BBC News
Nasa says it has detected the first signs of significant melting in a swathe of glaciers in East Antarctica. The region has long been considered stable and ...
Trump's nominee for USDA science post calls new U.S. climate report 'genuine' Science Magazine
The entomologist nominated to be the chief scientist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in Washington, D.C., said today he accepts the conclusions of ...
Did a new form of plague destroy Europe's Stone Age societies? Science Magazine
Nearly 5000 years ago, a 20-year-old woman was buried in a tomb in Sweden, one of Europe's early farmers dead in her prime. Now, researchers have ...
Lego drives science learning The West Australian
Years 4 to 6 students participated in a Lego engineering program hosted by E2 Young Engineers Perth.
NASA lander survives harrowing descent to surface of Mars Science Magazine
Update: NASA's InSight spacecraft survived its descent through the thin atmosphere of Mars and successfully landed on the planet's surface today. Although ...
CASE: A HAL 9000 for 2021 Science
AAAS login provides access to Science for AAAS members, and access to other journals in the Science family to users who have purchased individual ...
Dietary fat: From foe to friend? Science Magazine
For decades, dietary advice was based on the premise that high intakes of fat cause obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and possibly cancer. Recently, evidence ...
'Dropout' rate for academic scientists has risen sharply in past 50 years, IU study finds - IU Newsroom
'Dropout' rate for academic scientists has risen sharply in past 50 years, IU study finds IU Newsroom
An analysis from Indiana University researchers has found that half the people pursuing scientific careers at institutions of higher education will depart the field ...
Universal flu vaccine remains 'an alchemist's dream' Science Magazine
NASHVILLE—What if instead of lining up for a flu shot of unknown effectiveness each fall, people could receive one vaccine that protects against all strains and ...
Animals and the zoogeochemistry of the carbon cycle Science Magazine
Flux across the carbon cycle is generally characterized by contributions from plants, microbes, and abiotic systems. Animals, however, move vast amounts of ...
'Influenza' and 'Pandemic 1918' chronicle the flu's devastation Science News
One-hundred years after the Spanish flu, 'Pandemic 1918' and 'Influenza' provide a new look at the global outbreak.
Sounds of Mars wind captured by Nasa's InSight lander The Guardian
Scientists celebrate recording low-frequency rumblings – 'an unplanned treat'
Royal jelly research could propel cure for Alzheimer’s, claim scientists The Guardian
It is the mysterious substance that turns worker honeybees into queens and fills the shelves of health food shops which tout its unverified powers to fend off ...
Spider silk is five times stronger than steel—now, scientists know why Science Magazine
The next time you brush aside a spiderweb, you might want to meditate on its delicate strength—if human-size, it would be tough enough to snag a jetliner. Now ...
Facing the End of Science Scientific American
My gloomy 22-year-old meme has been popping up a lot lately, mainly in discussions of physics. Below I respond to four recent articles that cite The End of ...
Male and female bees have radically different taste in flowers Science Magazine
Male and female bees may look similar, but they have dramatically different dining habits, according to a new study. Despite both needing nectar to survive, they ...
Is it time for a universal genetic forensic database? Science Magazine
DNA is an increasingly useful crime-solving tool. But still quite unclear is the extent to which law enforcement should be able to obtain genetic data housed in ...
Humans may be reversing the climate clock, by 50 million years Science Daily
Our future on Earth may also be our past. Researchers show that humans are reversing a long-term cooling trend tracing back at least 50 million years. And it's ...
Science Is Getting Less Bang for Its Buck The Atlantic
Despite vast increases in the time and money spent on research, progress is barely keeping pace with the past. What went wrong?
Fast track to the neocortex: A memory engram in the posterior parietal cortex Science Magazine
How fast do learning-induced anatomical changes occur in the brain? The traditional view postulates that neocortical memory representations reflect ...
With Democrats in control of U.S. House, science panel gets fresh start Science Magazine
The results of last week's divisive midterm elections, with Democrats reclaiming control of the U.S. House of Representatives and Republicans likely ...
Why are these Costa Rican monkeys turning yellow? Science Magazine
Mantled howler monkeys are beginning to sport yellow patches of fur.
NASA to pay private space companies for moon rides Science Magazine
Next month, almost a half-century since the United States last landed a spacecraft on the moon, NASA is expected to announce plans for a return. But the ...
Watch humpback whales trick thousands of fish into becoming dinner Science Magazine
The humpback whale has one of the biggest mouths on the planet—and the appetite to match. The bus-size mammals can eat up to 2500 kilograms of fish a day ...
Swifter, higher, stronger: What's on the menu? Science Magazine
The exploits of elite athletes delight, frustrate, and confound us as they strive to reach their physiological, psychological, and biomechanical limits. We dissect ...
Scientists share MIT 'disobedience' award for #MeToo advocacy Science Magazine
The Media Lab at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge today honored two women who have played leading roles in advancing the ...
Cultural flies: Conformist social learning in fruitflies predicts long-lasting mate-choice traditions - Science Magazine
Cultural flies: Conformist social learning in fruitflies predicts long-lasting mate-choice traditions Science Magazine
Though once believed to be confined to humans, culture has now been demonstrated in many different animal species, from whales to parrots. Most such ...
Neanderthals may not have been the headbangers scientists once assumed Science Magazine
Neanderthals are often depicted as graduates of the Stone Age school of hard knocks: Without sophisticated weapons, they had to face down violent prey such ...
‘Enough Is Enough’: Science, Too, Has a Problem With Harassment The New York Times
Many women in science thought that meritocracy was the antidote to sexism. Now some have decided on a more direct approach.
A Inimitable Annals of the Light Bulb
Most ancestors believe that Thomas Edison imaginary the light bulb. This is only in part true however.
N400 Brain Wave to Assist in Knowledge and in Performance
In any chief task you need to stay alert and in some professions a big shot could lose their life ifyou are not staying heads up or cause a critical calamity where a big cheese else has to pay with theirs. Not good, so what is the answer here? Here is a attention on learning, safety, brain waves and winning.
Increasing Lightening Storm Intensity and Aim Be in command of of Strikes
Using four UAVs in formation with one C-130 Hercules Aircraft or 747 with onboard laser:http://www.de.
Ground Targets Via Space Laser Weapons
It is now doable to overwhelm our enemy from space or near space (ultra high-altitude) Blimp weapons. Right now we watch as 11 Western States have bulky wild fires, most caused by lightning, but they could just as by a long shot be caused by laser weaponry.
The Consideration About Cloning
There are two types of cloning. One involves harvesting stem cells from embryos ("therapeutic cloning").
Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics of the Naval Life and Uses for AI, UAVs, Robotics, and the Future
Air has 750 times less density as the oceans, yet so many of the same main beliefs apply there as well. We are quite comfortable with aquatic life and the accomplishment abilities of sharks, dolphins, penguins, fish, alligators, etc.
UUV - Unmanned At the bottom of the sea Vehicles to be Used for Fish Agricultural or Algae Bloom Removal
What is a UUV? UUV is the abbreviation given to Unmanned At the bottom of the sea Vehicle. It is a mini-submarine devoid of a person in it.
Is Your Brain Especially Necessary?
The basis for the according to the grapevine absurd distrust in the title is the remarkable examination conducted at the Academic world of Sheffield by neurology professor the late Dr. John Lorber.
Locusts To Help Make Energy From Bio Waste, part II
If we take the menace, nuisance and destructive Locust, we can coin a win/win condition by and allowing it to continue and blissfully eat our bio-waste big up our dumps. Then as it progresses and digests the food it will build energy.
Surgical Biomaterials and Bandanna Rebirth Technologies
Plants, invertebrate animals, amphibians and even reptiles have the aptitude to rejuvenate lost or injured body parts. In the case of lizards, for example, this is a guilty mechanism.
Does the Earth Have Hollow Areas Contained by it?
Some skeptics of the geology text books we had in educate hypothesize that the Earth maybe hollow. They say; the Earth is doubtless hollow and since it has had 5.
Bio-Rhythm Disruption Frequency Identifier for Human Intentions
It appears we have found many identifiers for Bio-Metrics to categorize people. In this new age of Global Terrorism with bad guys annoying to get Pilot's Licenses, HazMat Driver's Licenses, get onto airlines, step onto buses and sneak over our boundaries we need a fool proof system.
The Constructive Individual
How can we, as individuals, participate in waste management? For the reason that some of us are so overwhelmed with Earth's problems, we feel that our assistance have no real concern in the end. For others, common barriers can be an issue.
UAV Mini - Torpedo Bombers for Eliminating Hydro Cushioned Water Craft
UAVs can carry cargo, some of the very tiny UAV units can hold up to 11 lbs. Which is not much, however.
The Details of a Compound Microscope
Have you ever used a compound microscope? Your first brain wave may be to come back with "no" but probability are if you had Natural science in high instruct or academy that you have used a compound microscope. What do you bring to mind about this microscope? You may consider what it looks like but can you ability to remember how it worked? If not, this commentary is for you!A compound microscope uses light to elucidate the experiment or be against so that you can see it with your eye.
Is Brain wave Evident in Plants?
Who would have brain wave that a plant could be a witness to a crime - and even be a witness adjacent to the perpetrator? Well, it is true! In the early 1970's experiments were done on common houseplants, by researchers who attached a polygraph apparatus to a plant.An exciting thing happened - the researchers open that their plants in reality accepted their owners, they responded to being talked to and praised, and they also fainted when exposed to denial belief or words, or violence aimed at at them.
Tree hugging is a thing of the past. It is not just about the trees anymore.
RFID Sensors to Guard Water Supplies
Recently the US Forces has urban a exceptional set of sensors for water equipment for troops. Any time a base camp is set up it is crucial to keep an eye on the water equipment and test them.
UAV - Environment Subsequent Technologies
There are many technologies being used today such as ultrasonic sensors, which afford non-contact for blend levels in liquid storeroom tanks. Using this know-how the tanks can use non-corrosive methods to avoid bankruptcy of parts.
Increasing Human Brain Power, Concept
Is it likely to amplify the human brainpower? Not just develop into smarter, but in fact more power and energy? Some say yes and NASA is operational on ways to do just that, the applications are endless; from boosting the immune approach to senior cognitive processing.The human brain if it were run at a privileged RPM at night by use of noise could add to the bio-systems abilities while sleeping? Music, has an adequate amount of energy to power up a light bulb? If when you slept a automaton insured you slept at 85 pulse rate like truck drivers are said to when idling their engines all night for lets say 4 hours.
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